Official website of the New Zealand Farm Forestry Association


PESTS AND DISEASES OF FORESTRY IN NEW ZEALAND


Small Forests & Woodlots

A guide to conducting forest health assessments and sampling:

WOOD DEBRIS

Wood debris

The under bark engraving pattern caused
by scolytid beetles (elm)

Stumps, logs and slash are the best places to find wood and bark borers. It is important to make this assessment as many potentially serious pests of live trees not recorded in New Zealand will breed in dead or unthrifty material.

Burnt pine longhorn beetle, Arhopalus ferus

Also, a number of established and native insects can seriously limit storage or salvage times for round-wood kept in the forest.

Sapstain fungi

Well-known to anyone who has tried to split 'dozey' pine logs. Sapstain fungi seriously de-value logs and can often be associated with insect attack. Remove round-wood promptly.

Sampling

Generally destructive sampling is not a problem in wood debris so the use of saws, axes and chisels for investigation are the norm.

For insects, collect adults and larvae and place in a plastic tube with ventilation holes. Ideally gently pack down the tube with pieces of paper towel to prevent the insects 'knocking about'.

 

Frass (borer dust) from pin hole beetle attack to a forest stored log
Sapstain associated with insect feeding under bark
Sapstain associated with insect wood boring


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