Official website of the New Zealand Farm Forestry Association

Will it be possible to get registered in time?

Stuart Orme, New Zealand Tree Grower February 2011.

Emission returns

Emission returns are currently being received up to 31 March 2011 for credits sequestered for 2008 to 2010. Remember that when doing the return the legislation requires that you keep your records for 20 years and that for any additional credit claimed in error, a fine of $30 a unit applies.

We had a request to sell some credits for someone recently. However we found that they had not completed an emission return last year and therefore had not received their credits yet.

Almost too late

It is almost too late to make a post 1989 ETS application for credit allocation by March 2011. At a meeting on 15 December between MAF and forest consultants active in ETS registrations MAF advised that −

  • A total of 900 post-1989 applications had been received. Of these 667 had been approved, 167 were awaiting approval and the balance had been disallowed or withdrawn. These applications cover an estimated 135,000 hectares of post-1989 forest inclusive of some larger applications. The median processing time is 51 working days within MAF and 81 applications had been processed that month.
  • Almost 300 Forest Allocation Plan (FAP) applications had been received, covering an estimated 200,000 hectares − remember there will be some big boys in here. Applications have taken 40 to 90 calendar days for processing and credit allocation.

As you need to have an NZEUR account open before getting into the MAF waiting line, this will add additional time in either registration process. We have secured NZEUR accounts for clients in less than 24 hours. However others have had to wait for longer than two months until they or we were successful in gaining all the required signatures and identification requirements from various trustees.

The following tables attempt to give an idea of forest ownership in New Zealand by forest size. They provide a mix of actual and ‘guestimates’ of how many ETS and FAP applications are potentially awaiting a decision to enter the processing pipeline.

Around 700,000 hectares of forest land belongs to smaller forest growers who have less than 10,000 hectares. It is understandable that if all eligible forest owners applied tomorrow for either a FAP or post-1989 ETS ruling, MAF would struggle to process them before the predetermined cut-off dates. These dates are set by legislation, have been out there for some time and are highly unlikely to be changed.

Forest area by forest owner national size class at 1 April 2010
National size class
Wood supply region Less than
40 hectares
40-99
hectares
100-499
hectares
500-999
hectares
1000 to 9999
hectares
Over 10 000
hectares
Total hectares
Northland 31 716 8 356 13 381 5 569 34 181 101 014 194 217
Auckland 10 493 2 382 5 311 1 941 15 036 20 343 55 506
Central North Island 49 868 5 080 14 057 4 817 35 948 410 480 520 250
East Coast 16 568 3 245 11 374 4 360 35 279 84 980 155 806
Hawkes Bay 21 591 4 114 7 984 2 137 7 858 83 698 127 382
Southern North Island 44 359 14 341 33 357 8 335 25 408 43 007 168 807
Nelson and Marlborough 24 261 11 905 19 589 8 585 19 668 84 231 168 239
West Coast 2 740 489 635 617 182 28 582 33 245
Canterbury 32 573 5 058 13 769 1 554 17 942 35 262 106 158
Otago and Southland 42 906 9 207 17 196 5 163 22 061 111 448 207 981
New Zealand total hectares 277 075 64 177 136 653 43 078 213 563 1 003 045 1 737 591

Those who delay may well lose the opportunity to claim their first five years’ credits for a post-1989 forest or make a FAP pre 1990-forest submission. In fairness to MAF they have been putting out the message for some time to forest owners to get on with it.

The approximate number of forest owners eligible for ETS/FAP using MAF information
Average area assumption hectares per owner 25 60 183 700 2 848   Total
Estimated number of forest owners 11 083 1 070 746 62 75 25 13 060

The big additional unknown is how many forest owners have not been captured in the above surveys which were never designed to obtain information relevant to the ETS. How many more potential applicants will be looking to get in the queue?

Pre-1990 forest allocation plan update

Owners of pre 1990 forest land have until the 30 November 2011 to make application. These applications cannot be made to MAF till the land owners NZEUR account has been opened with the Ministry of Economic development. Again, there will be land owners who will require some time to get their NZEUR accounts open and any time taken doing this will effectively decrease the cut-off time to register.

The good news is that many people have started and received credits for their pre-1990 forest already. The even better news is that with the majority of our clients we have been able to bring in areas of pre-1990 forest land that they were not aware was eligible.

Gains for a client

One application completed recently was for a client expecting to register 26 hectares of pre-1990 exotic forest. The final application we submitted was for 50 hectares. The additional areas were made up of shelter belt, protection and homestead plantings of exotic forest which all met the forest definition directly or could be joined to a piece of forest that did.

Assuming that this application goes through unchanged, and we expect that to be the case, the following is what will happen.

  • MAF will review the application
  • MAF will then send out what they believe is the area they will accept − forest determination − as the final result for the client to accept
  • After 20 working days, if they have had no response, MAF will allocate the credits to the client’s NZEUR account.

The calculations are as follows −

Out of a total of 50 hectares at 60 NZUs per hectare, 3,000 NZUs are to be allocated. Of these 1,150 will be in early 2011 and the balance of 1,850 NZUs in 2013, assuming that the rules do not change.

The difference between the initial 26 hectares of forest the client was to apply for and the final 50 hectares eligible, is 24 times 60 NZUs, a total of 1,140 NZUs. At the current market rate of close to $20 a unit, this is an additional $22,800 which is tax free if and when sold.

To claim or not to claim

For various reasons many people have chosen not to be involved with ETS registration. For post-1989 forest it is completely voluntary and if you do not join the ETS then there is neither obligation nor benefit entered into. Once the 31 December 2012 comes and goes, if a forest owner is not registered, then they forgo the opportunity to claim the 2008 to 2012 credits. But they can register later and start accruing from 2013 onwards.

The majority of our clients have chosen to register even though some are not currently looking to trade the credits. They realise that having the credits in their NZEUR account provides future options they may not have considered as yet, For example should they wish to sell the property at some stage, a potential purchaser may be attracted by the option to have the credits transferred.

For pre-1990 forest it is also completely optional to apply for the compensation credits or exemption that will allow you to deforest at a future point in time. The main difference is that owners of pre-1990 forest are bound by the legislation and will be taxed if they incur activation of the legislation through deforestation at a future date.

If you intend to keep your pre-1990 forest land in trees, you do not have to claim the compensation credits. The Government will be quite happy not to have to allocate them. It is your God-given, democratic right to think this whole thing is a load of ****.

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